When it comes to planting an ecological garden, choosing eco-friendly plants is just the beginning. Opting for heirloom varieties and organic seeds or starts instead of GMOs and hybrid plant species can yield a tastier, more nutrient-dense crop while also being naturally resistant to pests and climate shifts. Native plants are also an essential component of an ecological garden. Choosing plants that are native to the area will complement the natural habitat and prevent the spread of invasive species.
Biodiversity gardening is an important concept to keep in mind when planting an ecological garden. This type of gardening involves gardening for biodiversity, specifically with the intent to increase it through an abundance of different plant species that attract and nurture various forms of local wildlife. Biodiverse ecological herb gardens should contain not just annual culinary herbs but also perennial herbs that attract native insects, bees, and butterflies. This not only helps to increase biodiversity but also provides an opportunity to harvest the flowers and dry them into sustainable tea with calming, gut health, and immune-boosting benefits.
Biodiversity loss is one of the most imminent threats to our planet, and it is critical to increase biodiversity in the ecosystem, garden, and world as a whole. While there are many contributing reasons to biodiversity loss, various casual links have been established specifically to chemical use in agriculture. Therefore, it is essential to avoid using chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides in an ecological garden.
Plant diversity is also a crucial aspect of an ecological garden. Choosing a diverse range of plants, including shrubs, trees, ground cover, and wildflowers, can help to create a healthy ecosystem that supports local wildlife. Creating an ecological garden that is sustainable and resilient to changes in climate and other environmental factors is essential to protect and conserve natural resources for future generations.